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kathleen

Posts 221
If you’re selling your images in a stock library then you would have already learnt the most essential basics in photography for taking good photos. But if you are new to photography and are taking the leap into making money from your photography while you are learning, then hopefully some of the articles, tips and tricks in this forum will be of interest or a big help if your wanting to take more than the snapshot image and understand photography as an art.
As with any art, it’s in the individual eye of the artist and there’s always a lot of room for personal taste and different ways of expressing yourself as a photographer.

So here; welcome to anyone that would like to share photography experiences, articles, links, tips and tricks, or questions that another photographer might be able to help with, or point you in a positive direction.
There is so much out there on the internet on just about every subject you can think of, but sometimes a good link can save a lot of time searching through hundreds of articles on a subject that’s put in basic understandable terms and can explain it better because they have visual results with the explanations and how to go about it.

Join in and enjoy
Kathleen.

kathleen

Posts 221
Using your cameras histogram to help with correct exposure.
Most important, read your camera’s manual and find out what your camera does.
Do you have a digital camera with a histogram function?

Take control of your images; take your camera off AUTO. On auto your camera thinks it knows best to take the correct exposure, so you will find on a bright subject/scene it will auto darken so the image does not blow out, and the same at the opposite end, a dark/black subject/scene your camera will auto lighten. You don’t have the control on auto to use your cameras exposure plus compensation or exposure minus compensation, these compensations are the start of you taking control on how you want your image to be.
E.g.: with your camera on auto, a snow scene or white object will come out with a grey look, you need to +exposure compensate to correct the image, and again on the other end of the scale for dark.

This link for Interpreting your camera's Histogram by Greg Downing is excellent. It applies to all areas of photography, not just nature. It has the visual graphs to explain.
His first paragraph: "One of the biggest advantages of shooting digital is the instant feedback it offers, allowing photographers to evaluate results on the fly and make any necessary adjustments. Perhaps the most valuable feedback of all is offered through the camera’s histogram display, which provides a graphical representation of the tonal values for a given image. Learning to interpret this histogram is the key to controlling exposure and capturing the images you desire"
http://www.naturescapes.net/docs/index.php/category-technical/296-interpreting-your-cameras-histogram

This is one of my own experiences while taking photos of my grandson playing in the snow. Please see photos at the end of this post.
Photo.1 is the exposure test image I did to see how my camera saw the scene of my grandson playing in the snow. I took the photo with no exposure compensation to test the image I would get on Evaluative Metering which is an all-around metering mode suited for everything in the scene as I did not want to blow out the snow as I might have done on say Spot metering for my grandson only.
Here he is wearing a darker jacket, so on centre focus point keeping up with him running around most readings would come off the jacket which is darker, so the camera is going to up it’s exposure also as well as me.
Snow scenes can need up to +2 stops exposure compensation to keep it white, all works with the available light though on what + or – compensation you will need, always take a test image first and adjust from there.
Here I will just add that your metering modes are another essential in exposing your images to how you want them. Evaluative metering, Partial metering, Spot metering and Centre-weighted metering.
If you have a camera that lets you choose your metering, it will be in your camera manual.
Photo.2 is +exposure compensation. Now the snow is white and I have detail in my grandson’s delight of playing in the snow.

I take just about all my photos in camera RAW, so if I do get it wrong in camera I can adjust in my raw converter using levels and curves.

If you only take JPG photos and you did get it not quite right in camera, then have yourself a photoshop/photo programe that lets you adjust your level and curves of your photos.
Again, alot of tutorials on the internet explaining levels, curves, exposure.

I hope this may be of help to someone.
Kathleen.

Canon_S.I.

Posts 273
Thanks for sharing this info Kathleen,makes good reading and now i know what the small bars indicate on my histogram,and the fact the histogram is broken up into sections i only assumed that if the histogram was to far to the left it was to underexposed and to far right overexposed,good to learn something new,cheers
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